Employees in the UK are feeling pessimistic about the future because of the vote to leave the EU, according to the CIPD, the professional body for HR and people development.

The survey of 1,000 workers found that 44% are pessimistic, but it is particularly high amongst public sector workers (61%), voluntary sector workers (58%) and those aged between 25 and 34 (63%).

More than one in five (22%) employees said their pessimism is born from feeling less secure in their job after the Brexit vote. Just 3% said they feel more secure after the outcome of the EU referendum. Again, public sector workers were particularly concerned about their job security (33%).

This insecurity was reflected in the recognition amongst workers that they need to update their skills. One in five (21%) said that they felt they now need to learn more skills following the Brexit vote.

Ben Willmott, head of public policy at the CIPD, said: "Brexit has proven to be a seismic event in people's working lives and reveals that there is significant level of pessimism in the immediate aftermath of the vote."

He added: "Hopefully, as the political and economic situation becomes clearer, this will subside, but in the short term there is a clear need for UK employers to do more to engage with their workforce about the likely effect of Brexit on their organisation. The survey exposes clear signs of worry among the UK workforce and, if left unchecked, could lead to associated issues such as stress and anxiety.

What can you do to help employees?

"Line managers have a really important role in ensuring that the wellbeing of their staff is front and centre in their minds, and that their organisation has the correct culture and structure in place where people can easily raise their concerns and be heard," Mr Willmott said.

"One a more positive note, the evidence that employees feel they now need to upskill... demonstrates that employees are engaged with their learning and development needs. It's vital that employers do not allow the uncertainty around Brexit to cause them to cut back on training and development for the benefit of their staff as well as the resilience of their organisations as a whole."