Declining project costs are driving investment towards renewables as the industry continues to transition to more decentralised and intelligent energy systems, finds new reserach.
The rise of renewable energy continues. With prices for both solar and wind continuing to decline, renewable investment keeps booming at the expense of traditional power generation. Lower project costs and continued regulatory support for renewable energy in key markets will see global renewable power investment reach $243.1 billion in 2017, with solar photovoltaic (PV) the fastest growing segment, followed by wind power – by 2020 non-hydro renewables will account for 65 per cent of global power investment. India is the hottest growth market with renewable investment set to increase by 24 per cent per year to 2020. The evolving market will compel power sector participants to craft innovative business models, offer customer-centric solutions, and create flexible portfolios. There will also be higher consolidation as companies seek funding to expand and introduce novel products.
Global Power Industry Outlook, 2017, a new analysis from Frost & Sullivan’s Power Generation Growth Partnership Service program, examines power market trends, including installed capacity, investment, and regional growth across coal-fired, gas-fired, nuclear, hydro, solar PV, wind and biomass power.
“As new geographies emerge, local legislation and pro-renewable incentives will impact the fuel mix, compelling industry participants to identify challenges and define localisation strategies for long-term growth,” said Energy & Environment Principal Consultant Jonathan Robinson. “As the renewable and distributed energy markets mature, a large installed capacity of equipment that needs servicing will also offer the operation and maintenance sector attractive growth prospects.”
Key trends in the global power industry identified in the report include:
- Continuing transition to more decentralised and intelligent energy systems
- Demand from utilities for energy management solutions, on both the supply and demand sides
- High growth rates for solar PV, with investment forecast to increase by 11.5 per cent to $141.6 billion in 2017. International agreements, such as COP21, and declining renewable technology costs, will ensure more capacity per dollar invested.
- China will be the largest market in terms of solar revenue investment, but the fastest growth will come from India, which will see double-digit growth in investment to 2020.
- 73.4 percent of power generation investment in Europe will be for renewable technologies, while Russia and CIS buck the trend and focus on nuclear power and hydro.
- There will be an overall increase in global coal capacity, even as the utilisation rate of existing coal-fired plants falls in most regions, but investment is now firmly on a downward trend.
- New business models that incentivise smarter consumption patterns, coupled with growth of energy storage technologies, will reduce the need for peak capacity investment in mature energy markets.
- Strong investment in hydropower, despite it being a mature technology; China, Asia-Pacific, and Latin America will be key regional markets.