The existing policy interventions have had no discernible effect on tackling problems around the UK’s poor payment culture in the last 5 years, according to new research by the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB).

Small businesses report that, on average, 30% of payments are typically late compared with 28% in 2011, revealed the new FSB report, ‘Time to Act: The economic impact of poor payment practice’.

The findings reveals 37% of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have run into cash flow difficulties, whilst 30% have been forced to use an overdraft. A further 20% say late payment has hit profits.

At the extreme end, late payments and resulting cash flow difficulties have caused businesses to fail. In 2014, if payments had been made on time and as promised, 50,000 business deaths could have been avoided, growing the UK economy by £2.5 billion - a vital uplift to UK GDP just as business confidence dips amid fears of a weakening domestic economy.

Mike Cherry, national chairman at the FSB said: “Uniquely, the UK now risks having a business culture where it is acceptable not to pay SMEs on time. Based on an imbalance of power between large companies and their small suppliers, this now has a chilling effect right across the economy. It’s distressing to hear from our members that in 2016 the average value of each late payment now stands at £6,142.

“Small businesses have to run a tight ship with their cash flow, and as they struggle with increasing business costs on one hand and an uncertain domestic economy on the other. They should not also have to struggle with the stress, time and money required to chase overdue payments from corporate giants.”

To change this, the FSB said the Government must put supply chain respect at the heart of its current Corporate Governance drive

The FSB plan would make boards of larger companies properly accountable for their payment practices, toughen the Prompt Payment Code and task the Small Business Commissioner with tackling supply chain bullying.

The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) should end the delay in appointing the Small Business Commissioner pledged in the Queen’s Speech 18 months ago, and ensure this office has a specific remit to tackle supply chain bullying within its “name and shame” powers, according to the FSB.

They also recommend the Chartered Institute of Credit Management and BEIS should give real substance to the Prompt Payment Code (PPC) through a “three strikes and you’re out” penalty system that tackles repeat offenders, and by making the PPC mandatory for the largest firms.

Mr. Cherry added: “This new evidence demonstrates why it’s so important, from both an ethical and an economic point of view, to address this issue head on. Payment culture is set at board level and supplier interest must be represented at the top of the chain.

“It’s something that CEOs and board members in big businesses must take responsibility for. Big businesses should respect the supply chain and stop using smaller businesses as a credit line by delaying payments and applying bullying tactics.”