Yes, is the short answer. According to new research, at least.

A new study by the UCL School of Management, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, claims that women are taking competition with their female colleagues far too seriously and it could be damaging their careers.

Assistant Professor Sun Young Lee found that women experience competition with “same-gender co-workers” more negatively than men do, because female peer culture values harmony and equality, and competition is at odds with the norm of female relationships.

In contrast, hierarchical ranking and competition is natural in male peer culture, the study says, so men’s work relationships do not suffer from competing with other male colleagues.

But competition with female co-workers taxes women’s work relationships. Women could struggle to interact with female co-workers, becoming overly cutthroat and mean, which can restrict their career progression.

The findings suggest that, for organisations with a majority of female employees, competitive practices may not be the best way to organise work.

Dr. Lee said: “As a woman who has worked across the world, I’ve long observed that women take competition with other women much more personally than men take competition with other men. My research provides support to such an observation.

“Bosses need to be aware that competitive career structures that are effective to men may be detrimental to women. At the same time, women should be aware that taking competition too seriously could be holding them back from leadership positions.”