By Claire West
Today the OBR publishes its report into the effect of changes in oil prices on the public finances. The report concludes that the overall effect of a temporary oil price rise would be close to zero. A permanent rise would create a loss to the public finances.
Higher oil prices would raise revenues of corporation tax, supplementary charge and petroleum revenue tax from UK oil and gas production. There are a number of offsetting effects on the public finances:
• higher pump prices would reduce the demand for fuel, lowering fuel duty receipts;
• temporarily higher inflation would push up the indexation of tax thresholds, benefits, public service pensions and index-linked gilts; and
• higher oil prices would be likely to reduce real household income and the supply potential of the economy, with detrimental effects on receipts from labour and capital income as well as from consumer spending.
The OBR Report looks at a temporary and permanent £10 a barrel rise in the oil price, an increase of around 20 per cent. While there are clear uncertainties around the estimates of the effect of oil prices on the public finances, using central estimates for a £10 a barrel higher oil price gives:
• a rise in pump prices of 7.4p a litre if fully passed through. Changing fuel duty by 1p a litre has an effect of around £500 million. To offset the whole rise in the pump price would cost around £3.7 billion;
• a boost to UK oil and gas revenues of around £2.4 billion. This could offset around two-thirds of the pump price rise, in the absence of any offsetting effects; and
• allowing for offsetting effects, particularly from the impact from a weaker economy means there is very little or no improvement in the public finances that could be used for stabilising the pump price.
Geoffrey Dicks, Member of the interim Budget Responsibility Committee, said:
“This Report marks the conclusion of our work as the interim OBR. It examines the effects of a change in the oil price both directly on the public finances and indirectly via its effects on the wider economy. Our analysis should provide the Treasury with useful evidence as it formulates its policy on the fair fuel stabiliser.”