By Ben Simmons

Short-term migrants entering the UK were vastly outnumbered by emigrations leaving the country in 2010, Office for National Statistics figures show.

Short term migration statistics detail the flows of people for periods of between one and twelve months.

In mid-2010 996,000 short-term migrants entered England and Wales whereas 2,622,000 left for countries outside the UK. A year-on-year drop of 137,000 migrants from Poland accounted for much of the drop in immigration, whilst the worsening economic climate helped drive an increase in emigration.

Spain remained the most popular destination for expats.

Short-term migrant inflows are relatively evenly split between males and females. This shows that numbers of both genders arriving in England and Wales has been declining at approximately the same pace since 2006. The short-term migrant out flows show different gender patterns. In each year since 2006 approximately 54 per cent of out-migrants have been male. This is on average 180,000 more males leaving England and Wales per year than females.

Short-term migration estimates have been produced by reason for visit. These are work, study and other. Inflows from mid-2004 onwards show that an average of 12% of those arriving for 1-12 months do so for the purpose of work and 16% for study. In those arriving for 3-12 months the average proportions arriving for work and study increase to 23 and 26% respectively.

The mid-2006 peak in inflows was caused by an increase in those arriving to work to 208,000. Since then the number of those migrating to work has generally reduced. In mid-2010 the number arriving to work was 94,000. The number arriving to study also peaked in mid-2006 at 222,000 but has not dropped as dramatically since. In mid-2010 192,000 short-term migrants arrived to study.


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