By Daniel Hunter
The National Institute of Economic and Social Research (Niesr) have released a report that warns the UK economy will enter recession in the first half of the year as households continue to cut back.
Due to that finding Niesr suggest that the government should temporarily ease its spending cuts to promote growth.
It expects the economy to shrink 0.1% in 2012, but to grow 2.3% in 2013 if the eurozone debt crisis is resolved.
"The UK economy remains weak, and over the near term we do not expect economic conditions to improve. We expect output to be flat this year, as both the private and public sectors continue simultaneous de-leveraging," the report said.
"Meanwhile, while net trade provided the only significant positive contribution to growth in 2011, the Euro Area, the UK’s largest trading partner, is likely to enter recession.
"We therefore forecast a return to technical recession in the first half of this year, as households continue to retrench, credit conditions remain tight, and businesses are reluctant to invest given uncertainty about both domestic and foreign demand. Assuming a successful resolution of the euro crisis, we expect growth to pick up in the second half of the year, and to accelerate somewhat in 2013.
"However, the output gap will be closed only very slowly, with unemployment rising to about 9 per cent this year and remaining high throughout the forecast period. Even in 2014, it will still be over 7 per cent, compared to the OBR’s estimate that the structural unemployment rate is about 5.25 per cent.
"Unemployment at this elevated level for such a long period is likely to do permanent damage to the supply side of the economy, with large long-run economic costs. Our central forecast is that inflation will fall below the 2 per cent target in the second half of this year.
"The UK economy currently suffers from deficient demand; the current stance of fiscal policy is contributing to this deficiency. A temporary easing of fiscal policy in the near term would boost the economy.
"The credible commitment to a sustainable fiscal policy over the longer term provides the Government with the flexibility to provide a clearly defined and temporary boost to near-term demand. An increase in government investment would not have a significant impact either on long-run sustainability or — given the way they are defined — the likelihood of the Government meeting its fiscal targets."
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